Activity

The 84th Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association
Presentation Report

"Relationship Between Having Familiar Role Models and Learning English – with a Focus on Regulatory Focus"
"Impact of Levels of Significance and Difficulty of Learning Goal on the Effectiveness of Temptation Coping Strategies – Examination by Diary Recording Method"

The 84th Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association was held from 8 September to 2 November 2020. The Convention was held virtually and Miwa and Tang gave presentations.

 

At the Convention this year participants and presenter could not interact face-to-face like we did annually so far. Instead it was held for a long period of time and various types of presentation formats such as real-time web conferences, video streaming distribution, slides presentation were utilized. We could access virtual conference from anywhere and I felt it was a good opportunity for close examination and information exchanges. We posted our poster presentations online so that participants could access our slides during the two months of conference period. Toyama group of Aikawa Laboratory made two presentations focusing on actual leaning situations. Miwa made a presentation on "Relationship Between Having Familiar Role Models and Learning English – with a Focus on Regulatory Focus". In this study we examined the effect of having or not having familiar role models (positive role models as "want to be like", negative role models as "not want to be like") and regulatory focus (promotion focus, prevention focus) on the learning motivation and performance in the context of learning English. The result showed that when promotion focus is high the English score is higher when having familiar positive role models compared to the case without such role models. When prevention focus is high there wasn't any difference in motivation and scores depending on the existence of role models. We need to have further examination on this matter. Miwa’s study was significant as it verified that the effect of other people on motivation and result varies depending on the specific characteristic of each learner.

 

Tang made a presentation on "Impact of Levels of Significance and Difficulty of Learning Goal on the Effectiveness of Temptation Coping Strategies – Examination by Diary Recording Method". In this study we examined how the relation between temptation coping strategies and goal prioritizing behavior differs depending on the level of significance and difficulty of learning goal in daily academic situations. The result of the research showed different aspects at each temptation coping strategy. The relationship between the "goal verification strategy" (a strategy to reconfirm the goal itself and the meaning of goal achievement) and the goal prioritizing behavior differed depending on the level of significance and difficulty of goal. For example, when the significance of goal was recognized as high or the difficulty of goal was recognized as low, goal prioritizing behavior was promoted by using goal verification strategy. When the significance of goal was recognized as relatively low or the difficulty of goal was recognized as high, the use of goal verification strategy had no effect. "Goal execution strategy" (a strategy to just act toward a goal) promoted goal prioritizing behavior regardless of the significance of goal. However the effect on goal prioritizing behavior differed depending on the difficulty of goal. Specifically, when the difficulty of goal was recognized as high goal execution strategy promoted goal prioritizing behavior. On the other hand when it was recognized as low there was no effect in using goal execution strategy. "Temptation Avoidance Strategy" (a strategy to avoid thinking about temptation or create an environment without temptation) promoted goal prioritizing behavior regardless of the characteristics of goal. These results indicate that the characteristics of goal need to be considered to use temptation coping strategy effectively.

 

Although we couldn't receive opinions directly from participants this year, we obtained suggestions for future research through viewing and reading the presentations of other researchers closely. In particular, I was very much inspired by the invited lecture of Dr. Takafumi Minamimoto of the National Institute of Quantum and Radiological Science Technology.  He proposed a mathematical model for the mechanism of brain control in behavioral motivation to gain rewards, and introduced their findings to distinguish the decrease in motivation into two types, one that is incentive-dependent connected to dopamine decrease and the other that is incentive-independent connected to serotonin decrease. Although the research approach was different, his lecture inspired me to think about the way to integrate it with the findings of motivation study in the field of education.

 

The theme of this year's conference is "Diversification Creates Innovation." I heard this theme expresses an expectation for psychology to innovate itself amid the diversification of research backgrounds and research approaches. We would like to create new ideas in our study as well while absorbing and integrating the knowledge gained from various approaches.

(Li Tang, CRET Researcher)

 

Shuhei Miwa, Miki Toyama, Masato Nagamine, Li Tang, Ryo Kainuma, Atsushi Aikawa (2020).

"Relationship Between Having Familiar Role Models and Learning English – with a Focus on Regulatory Focus"

The 84th Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association Presentation Abstracts, 207

 

Li Tang, Miki Toyama, Shuhei Miwa, Masato Nagamine, Ryo Kainuma, Atsushi Aikawa(2020).

"Impact of Levels of Significance and Difficulty of Learning Goal on the Effectiveness of Temptation Coping Strategies – Examination by Diary Recording Method"

The 84th Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association Presentation Abstracts, 200


Li Tang

CRET Researcher / Assistant Professor of Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

dissertation

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Areas of Reasearch in CRET

This laboratory conducts research on test evaluation and analysis. We also perform joint research and exchange programs with overseas testing research institutes.







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for the laboratory

This laboratory conducts research and development into testing approaches that measure communication skills, teamwork skills, and social skills, etc.

Dr. Atsushi Aikawa

Professor,
Faculty of Human Sciences,
University of Tsukuba
Ph.D. in Psychology

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This laboratory conducts research on the foundation of computer-based testing, and basic research on media and recognition, as well as applied and practical research
that utilize such knowledge.

Dr. Kanji Akahori

Professor Emeritus of
Tokyo Institute of
Technology

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