Activity

Report on a Research Paper Presentation at the Japanese Society for Information and Systems in Education
"Development and Evaluation of a Test Delivery System for Mobile Phones in a Blended Learning Environment: A Focus on Test Approach-Avoidance Tendency of Students"

On July 15, 2012, I participated in the Japanese Society for Information and Systems in Education (JSiSE) 2012 2nd Study Group held in the Multimedia Education Building at Hokkaido University. At this meeting, I gave a presentation entitled "Development and Evaluation of a Test Delivery System for Mobile Phones in a Blended Learning Environment: A Focus on Test Approach-Avoidance Tendency of Students."

 

There are two areas to the background of this study: 1) As the subject of "information" has become a compulsory subject in high school, the skills relating to information of new students in universities are changing every year. Therefore, there is a need for improvements to information education classes in universities. 2) As faculty development (FD) has become mandatory, universities are required to promote learning outside school hours and improve classes aiming to increase the academic ability of students and to help them retain knowledge. In order to solve the aforementioned challenges, blended learning, in which face-to-face classes and an e-learning system are combined, is one method of addressing this in university information education. However, the difficulty in continuing learning outside school hours and retaining knowledge with e-learning systems have been cited as problematic areas with this.

Accordingly, in this study, I focused on mobile learning (m-learning) in which it is possible to learn anywhere and at any time with this due to the fact that more than 90% of university students have come to possess a mobile phone in recent years.

 

In this study, a survey was conducted on 95 students (in possession of a mobile phone) taking an information systems elective course, in order to investigate the promotion of learning outside school hours and retaining knowledge in university students through m-learning. Specifically, a total of ten tests (for ten lectures) were distributed to the mobile phones of students, and then the percentage of those who took these and the percentage of correct answers were analyzed. In addition, a questionnaire about the system was conducted. Moreover, because it is important to focus on the attitude of students toward the tests in order to achieve the retention of knowledge through these tests, the aforementioned assessments were analyzed in relation to the test approach-avoidance tendency of students.

 

The results of the analysis showed that 90.5% of students with a test approach tendency and 86.2% of students with a test avoidance tendency took the tests. This suggests that a test delivery system for mobile phones may be effective as support for learning outside of school hours. Furthermore, it was possible to see that students with a test approach tendency had a higher percentage of correct answers on the distributed tests than students with a test avoidance tendency. The results of the questionnaire revealed that a larger proportion of students with a test approach tendency than those with a test avoidance tendency answered that they felt there were too few questions on the distributed tests which had five questions each time and that they would like the test delivery system to be implemented for other classes as well.

There are various challenges in the future: (1) An investigation of the display of test questions and the number of questions, (2) an investigation of the timing of the test delivery, (3) an investigation of strategies to let students immediately and repeatedly take the tests, (4) a relevant analysis of the willingness and level of understanding in regards to classes, and (5) a continuous analysis of the retention rate of knowledge.

 

Finally, I received advice from a great many professors in this study group. I would like to take this opportunity to express my gratitude toward them.

 

(Takeshi Kitazawa, CRET Researcher)


Takeshi Kitazawa

CRET Researcher / Associate Professor of Graduate School of Education, Tokyo Gakugei University

Hobbies: Traveling, swimming, and taking a walk around town

Research topic: I conduct research on the educational effects of using ICT, focusing particularly on learners’ motivation.

dissertation

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