Report on a Presentation at the 24th Annual Meeting of Japan Society of Personality Psychology
"Can Regulatory Fit Improve Performance?"

  On August 21 (Fri.) and 22 (Sat.) 2015, I attended and gave a presentation at the 24th Annual Meeting of the Japan Society of Personality Psychology (JSPP) held at Hokkaido University of Education in Sapporo City, Hokkaido. I could enjoy cool and comfortable weather in Hokkaido in August, which was totally different from the hot and humid climate of the Kanto area.


  The last time I participated in the JSPP conference was the 16th meeting held in 2007, and this surprises me to realize how fast time flies. Hokkaido University of Education is on the city limits of Sapporo. It has a beautiful campus, and I heard that smoking is totally banned within the campus area. The conference staff treated us very politely, and I could see that they had carefully prepared for the conference. As the JSPP holds nearly 1,000 members, I believe the preparation was not an easy task.


  At this conference, I gave a poster presentation titled, "Can Regulatory Fit Improve Performance?" under the joint names of fellow researchers, Mr. Miwa, Ms. Tang, Mr. Nagamine, and Dr. Aikawa. The Toyama Team of Aikawa Laboratory has its main research theme, "approaches to motivate problem solving on computer screens."


  As our first study, we have been conducting research on regulatory focus. This is because one of the advantages to studying on a computer screen is that it can show instruction methods tailored to students.


  In recent years, in the field of motivation, researchers have been energetically studying about regulatory focus and regulatory fit. Their research has proven that when individuals (or situations) and strategies match with each other (known as "regulatory fit"), people feel that their current activities (e.g., learning) are "correct," which raises the value of activities themselves and helps people positively work on the activities and, thus, achieve high-level performance.


  In this study, employing these regulatory focus and regulatory fit theories, we raised an issue that it is important to give advice tailored to individuals because there should be different strategies to improve performance for different individuals (either promotion-focus or prevention-focus types).


  Although it was the first presentation of the Toyama Team of Aikawa Laboratory, a number of researchers kept visiting our presentation, and we were able to promote fruitful discussions. I was convinced that research on regulatory fit is an attractive theme in various fields, including social psychology and personality psychology. I was also able to learn a lot from those who shared with me a possibility of other interpretations and areas for improvement. At this presentation, we were unable to obtain results that supported the hypothesis: if individuals and strategies match with each other, it generates regulatory fit, raising the value of the activity itself and motivating the individual to positively work on the activity and, thus, achieve high-level performance. We also have many issues that need further investigation, so I would like to continue our research.


  The next meeting of the JSPP will be held at Kansai University. As I have many acquaintances in the academic society, and this is one of the societies that I am particularly interested in, I would like to attend the meeting again.


Can Regulatory Fit Improve Performance?

(Miki Toyama, Shuhei Miwa, Li Tang, Masato Nagamine, and Atsushi Aikawa)


(Miki Toyama, CRET Researcher)

Miki Toyama

CRET Researcher / Associate Professor of Faculty of Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Hobbies: Ttraveling (to hot springs)

Research topic: I conduct research on how self-cognition influences motivation, performance, and mental health.


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Areas of Reasearch in CRET

This laboratory conducts research on test evaluation and analysis. We also perform joint research and exchange programs with overseas testing research institutes.

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for the laboratory

This laboratory conducts research and development into testing approaches that measure communication skills, teamwork skills, and social skills, etc.

Dr. Atsushi Aikawa

Faculty of Human Sciences,
University of Tsukuba
Ph.D. in Psychology

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This laboratory conducts research on the foundation of computer-based testing, and basic research on media and recognition, as well as applied and practical research
that utilize such knowledge.

Dr. Kanji Akahori

Professor Emeritus of
Tokyo Institute of

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for the laboratory