Report on a Presentation at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Psychological Association
"Development of the Regulatory Focus Scale for Academic Domains"

From September 22 (Tue.) to September 24 (Thu.) 2015, I attended and gave a presentation at the 79th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Psychological Association held at the Nagoya Congress Center in Nagoya City, Aichi. As it was already late September, the heat was gone and I enjoyed the conference amid cool and pleasant weather.


This was my first time attending the annual meeting of the association, and I was astonished to see such a large number of participants at the venue. I was surprised to know that so many people were involved in psychology as their regular vocation. In addition, Nagoya Congress Center is a gorgeous facility, as its name implies, which made it hard for me to believe that I was taking part there. Nagoya Congress Center has a huge inside area where meeting areas are scattered. I could well imagine how tough it would be to manage a conference of so many participants under such conditions. I commend the staff for their polite service and for their skills to complete the meeting without trouble.


At this conference, I gave a poster presentation titled, "Development of the Regulatory Focus Scale for Academic Domains" under the joint names of fellow researchers Dr. Toyama, Mr. Miwa, Ms. Tang, and Dr. Aikawa. As the person in charge of this research, Dr. Toyama mainly gave the presentation, while I accompanied her as a co-presenter. As mentioned in our previous report on our presentation given at the meeting of the Japan Society of Personality Psychology, the Toyama Team of Aikawa Laboratory has its main research theme: "approaches to motivate problem solving on computer screens." Under this theme, we are currently conducting research on regulatory focus because we believe that we will be able to extend our suggestions for instruction methods tailored to the learners.


Last time, we conducted an experiment employing regulatory focus and regulatory fit theories. In this study, we have performed survey research aimed at regulatory focus. According to the regulatory focus theory, there are individual differences among the motivation of humans. Currently, there are a few scales to measure these individual differences in motivation based on the regulatory focus theory. As these scales measure general tendencies, we found them insufficient to measure motivation in a particular domain. Therefore, in this study, we developed a regulatory focus scale for academic domains so that we could achieve our goal to measure the learners' motivation.


This was the second presentation of the Toyama Team of Aikawa Laboratory, and we were able to welcome more researchers than our previous presentation allowing us to have fruitful discussions from various perspectives. I was convinced that research on regulatory fit is an attractive theme not only for some particular fields but for the whole psychology circle. The reliability and validity of the scale developed through this study has been confirmed and thus its practicality should be high. From now on, we would like to actively utilize this scale and show useful results.


The next meeting of the Japanese Psychological Association will be held in Yokohama. The conference is to be held together with the international conference called ICP, which will invite a number of researchers from inside and outside Japan. Taking this precious opportunity, we want to share our results with even more people so that our activities will be widely recognized.


"Development of the Regulatory Focus Scale for Academic Domains"

 (Miki Toyama, Shuhei Miwa, Li Tang, Masato Nagamine, and Atsushi Aikawa)


(Masato Nagamine, CRET Researcher)

Masato Nagamine

CRET Researcher / Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences, University of Tsukuba


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Areas of Reasearch in CRET

This laboratory conducts research on test evaluation and analysis. We also perform joint research and exchange programs with overseas testing research institutes.

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This laboratory conducts research and development into testing approaches that measure communication skills, teamwork skills, and social skills, etc.

Dr. Atsushi Aikawa

Faculty of Human Sciences,
University of Tsukuba
Ph.D. in Psychology

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This laboratory conducts research on the foundation of computer-based testing, and basic research on media and recognition, as well as applied and practical research
that utilize such knowledge.

Dr. Kanji Akahori

Professor Emeritus of
Tokyo Institute of

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