Activity

CRET Research Exchange Report -EC, ROA, Ofqual-

 We visited the European Commission (EC), ROA*1 at Maastricht University in the Netherlands, and Ofqual in the UK from January 11th to 15th 2010, to exchange views on the new competencies required in Europe in the future. The following is the report on the EC surveys, named Skill Needs and New Skills for New Jobs.

 In Europe, there is an increasing demand for jobs requiring new skills, accompanying the rapid shift from primary industry to knowledge-based industry, resulting in a globalization of the scope of work. We have interviewed researchers at the division of Lifelong learning: contribution to the Lisbon process, at the EC. They said that surveys had been conducted since 2007 on the demand for the New Skills based on the eight key competencies*2 for lifelong learning presented in December 2006.

 The Cedefop*3 report entitled, "Future Skill Needs in Europe (2008)" compiles the expected demand for different jobs and the skills required for them.

 A chart on the Cedefop report : "Qualification requirements by level of qualification (in millions, %), 1996-2015, EU-25, Norway and Switzerland" shows the qualification requirements by level of qualification up to the year 2015 for 25 EU states (Bulgaria and Romania were excluded) plus Norway and Switzerland. The chart shows that among the 27 countries, the qualification requirement for the lowest level of qualification is expected to decrease from 26.2% to 20.8% from 2006 to 2015, and the requirement for the highest level of qualification will increase from 25.3% to 29.3% during the same period.

 Another chart on the report: "Net employment change (in millions), 2006-2015, by occupational groups and highest level of qualification, EU-25, Norway and Switzerland" indicates that even for elementary occupations, at least a medium level of qualification is required. Although there may be variations among nations, we can conclude that skills are an increasingly important factor for workers to retain their jobs, in spite of the changes in industrial structure.

 Cedefop will start reporting on the supply forecast in addition to the demand for skills every two years starting from 2010. New Skills for New Jobs showing the required skills for each industry will also be initiated. Let us keep an eye on future trends. 

*1 Research Centre for Education and the Labour Market, University of Maastricht
*2 RECOMMENDATION OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 18 December 2006 on key competences for lifelong learning
*3 European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training

(Chie Hoshi, CRET Researcher)

 

Chie Hoshi

CRET Researcher

World Watch

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Areas of Reasearch in CRET

This laboratory conducts research on test evaluation and analysis. We also perform joint research and exchange programs with overseas testing research institutes.







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This laboratory conducts research and development into testing approaches that measure communication skills, teamwork skills, and social skills, etc.

Dr. Atsushi Aikawa

Professor,
Faculty of Human Sciences,
University of Tsukuba
Ph.D. in Psychology

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This laboratory conducts research on the foundation of computer-based testing, and basic research on media and recognition, as well as applied and practical research
that utilize such knowledge.

Dr. Kanji Akahori

Professor Emeritus of
Tokyo Institute of
Technology

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for the laboratory