Activity

Report on the International Surveys -Key Competencies-

 I visited the OECD Headquarters in Paris on October 8th, 2010 and interviewed Mr. Andreas Schleicher*1 from the Education Directorate. I asked him about the aims of international surveys sponsored by OECD, such as PISAPIAAC and AHELO, as well as about their future plans. This report focuses on the relationship between OECD international surveys and DeSeCo key competencies*2.


 As the report on the presentation at the 8th JART Convention describes, DeSeCo key competencies were devised by collecting knowledge and information from multidisciplinary intellectuals from 1997 and 2002. Three key competencies relevant to all areas of economy, politics and society were identified. They are: 

 1. Use tools interactively.
 2. Interact in heterogeneous groups.
 3. Act autonomously.

 The DeSeCo Executive Summary states that these key competencies exist as the basis of OECD international surveys. According to Mr. Schleicher, capabilities measured by PISA, PIAAC and AHELO were developed based on the following competencies: Key competency 1 is used as the basis for PISA reading, mathematics and science literacy as well as PIAAC literacy, numeracy and “problem solving.” On the other hand, “problem solving” for PISA2012 and AHELO generic skills will be developed using key competency 3 as the framework. “Problem solving”, which we call the same name, has different implications. Each needs to be measured according to its own definition. For instance, PIAAC measures operational skills such as an information search on the internet as a means of “problem solving,” and PISA AHELO measures more advanced skills which enable effective decision-making based on available information. 

 By 2020, it is expected that new types of assessment to measure the competencies of students to pursue a successful life in modern society will emerge one by one. It is important for us to closely keep an eye on the assessment outcome of each, based on a clear definition of the relevant competencies being assessed.

*1 Andreas Schleicher, Head of Indicators and Analysis Division, Education Directorate
*2 THE DEFINITION AND SELECTION OF KEY COMPETENCIES

(Chie Hoshi, CRET Researcher)

 

Chie Hoshi

CRET Researcher

World Watch

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